Does leadership evolve? Fu Pingping, Xu Liguo, and Perez Loh argue that the changing personality traits of some of China’s most prominent business leaders have influenced both their leadership styles and business success. For decades, it was commonly believed that personality traits — be they motivations, abilities, or patterns of behavior — remained relatively stable. In the US, one of the largest and longest nationwide surveys followed thousands of people from the 1930s through to the 1980s. Researchers found that while habits may evolve, core personality traits generally did not change over time. However, research by Professors Fu Pingping, an Associate Professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Xi Youmin, Executive President of Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, and Xu Liguo, a doctoral candidate at Xi’an Jiaotong University, shows that some personality traits do evolve.